To answer these questions, HUD entrusted the carrying out of three experiments: the experience asked to test how families would react to a housing allowance, the experience of supply to test how the markets would react to subsidies and the experience of the administration office to test the administrative capacity and the means necessary to manage a housing benefit program. The first reports were published in 1973 and a final report was published in 1980. The main findings of the EHAP are listed below: Section 8 conducts an inspection once a year, usually when the tenant`s lease is being renewed. Even if the unit has passed the first section 8 inspection, it must pass this annual inspection so that the tenant can continue to reside in the property. If the objects do not pass the examination, they must be corrected or the housing authority may declare that the unit is not suitable for the section 8 tenant. Section 8 of the program began in 1974, primarily in the form of a project-related housing assistance program. However, in the mid-1980s, project assistance came under fire for appearing too expensive and concentrating poor families in areas of high poverty. In 1983, Congress ended funding for new housing assistance contracts related to Section 8 projects. In their place, Congress created coupons as a new form of support.
Today, vouchers worth more than 2 million euros are the most important form of assistance under Section 8, although more than one million units still receive project-related assistance as part of their initial contracts or renewals of these contracts. Although Section 8 often pays a large portion of a tenant`s rent, it generally does not pay everything. The tenant is generally responsible for paying a percentage based on her income, usually 30 to 40 per cent of what she earns. The housing authority makes the difference by paying directly to the landlord who enters into a contract with the authority. The combined programs in Section 8 are the largest direct housing assistance program for low-income families. With a total budget of $27 billion for fiscal 2013, they reflect a large commitment of federal funds. This commitment has resulted in some success. More than three million families are able to obtain safe and decent housing through the program, at a price for the family, which is considered affordable. However, these successes have a high cost to the federal government. Given the current budget deficit, Congress began to reassess whether the cost of Section 8 programs, particularly the coupon program, was worth the benefits. Proposals for reform of the program are plentiful and the question of whether the current Section 8 programmes are, to a large extent, maintained, substantially modified or suppressed, are issues that Congress is currently facing.